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Office of the Election Supervisor for the International Brotherhood of Teamsters

Curbeam, 2021 ESD 182


for the



IN RE: JAMES CURBEAM,                      )           Protest Decision 2021 ESD 182

                                                                        )           Issued: December 1, 2021

Protestor.                                           )           OES Case Nos. P-201-102821-SO



James Curbeam, member of Local Union 480 and candidate for IBT at large vice president on the Teamster Power slate, filed a pre-election protest pursuant to Article XIII, Section 2(b) of the Rules for the 2020-2021 IBT International Union Delegate and Officer Election (“Rules”).  The protest alleged that stickers supporting the O'Brien-Zuckerman 2021 slate were affixed to employer property, in violation of the Rules.


Election Supervisor representative Dolores Hall investigated this protest. 


Findings of Fact and Analysis


Photos supplied to our investigator showed that O'Brien-Zuckerman 2021 slate stickers were affixed to chain-link fence posts, turnstile gates, and parking lot signs at a YRC terminal in Nashville TN.


Investigation did not identify the person(s) who posted the stickers.  At our investigator’s request, the local union’s principal officer had the stickers removed on November 2, 2021, 4 days after the protest was filed. 


As we have said, the posting of campaign material on employer property violates the Rules.  Hoffa-Hall 2016, 2016 ESD 64 (January 8, 2016); Teamster Power, 2020 ESD 3 (July 3, 2020).  As Election Officer Quindel said in Hoffa, P-1073-IBT-MOI (October 16, 1996):


Putting such material on an employer’s truck or equipment has the effect, under the Rules, of causing the employer to make an improper campaign contribution, in violation of Article XI, Section 1(b)(2), even if the affixing of the sticker was against employer policy.  Putting stickers on employer trucks or equipment can also create a false impression of employer endorsement, which would be another form of improper campaign contribution.  See Feeley, P-874-LU817-MGN (September 17, 1996); Maney, P-956-IATSE-NYC et seq. (October 2, 1996), aff’d, 96 Elec. App. 251 (KC) (October 15, 1996); Knox, P-1006-SFD-MGN (October 14, 1996).


Furthermore, under Article XI, Section 1(b)([13]) of the Rules, International officer candidates “are strictly liable to insure that each contribution received is permitted under the Rules.”  Therefore, affixing a campaign sticker or sign to an employer truck or other piece of equipment results in a violation of the Rules on the part of the candidate who the member intends to support.


            Based on these precedents, the O'Brien-Zuckerman 2021 slate stickers on employer property at USF Holland violated the Rules.  The prompt removal of the stickers by the job steward mitigated the harm the stickers caused.


            Pursuant to our order in Glimco & Wimunc, 2021 ESD 160 (October 18, 2021), the O'Brien-Zuckerman 2021 slate implemented further safeguards to minimize or eliminate the use of employer assets to display its campaign stickers, flyers, and placards.


Based on the prompt removal of the stickers, we deem this protest RESOLVED.


Any interested party not satisfied with this determination may request a hearing before the Election Appeals Master within two (2) working days of receipt of this decision.  Any party requesting a hearing must comply with the requirements of Article XIII, Section 2(i).  All parties are reminded that, absent extraordinary circumstances, no party may rely in any such appeal upon evidence that was not presented to the Office of the Election Supervisor.  Requests for a hearing shall be made in writing, shall specify the basis for the appeal, and shall be served upon:


Barbara Jones

Election Appeals Master


Copies of the request for hearing must be served upon the parties, as well as upon the Election Supervisor for the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, all within the time prescribed above.  Service may be accomplished by email, using the “reply all” function on the email by which the party received this decision.  A copy of the protest must accompany the request for hearing.


                                                                  Richard W. Mark

                                                                  Election Supervisor

cc:        Barbara Jones

            2021 ESD 182





Bradley T. Raymond, General Counsel

International Brotherhood of Teamsters


Edward Gleason


Patrick Szymanski


Will Bloom


Tom Geoghegan


Rob Colone


Barbara Harvey


Fred Zuckerman


Ken Paff

Teamsters for a Democratic Union


Scott Jenkins

James Curbeam


Teamsters Local Union 480

Lendon Grisham


Dolores Hall


Jeffrey Ellison