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Office of the Election Supervisor for the International Brotherhood of Teamsters


for the



IN RE: FRED ZUCKERMAN,                  )           Protest Decision 2016 ESD 292

                                                                        )           Issued: September 28, 2016

            Protestor.                                           )           OES Case No. P-347-081916-MW   



Fred Zuckerman, candidate for IBT General President on the Teamsters United slate, filed a pre-election protest pursuant to Article XIII, Section 2(b) of the Rules for the 2015-2016 IBT International Union Delegate and Officer Election (“Rules”).  The protest alleged that Local Union 651 failed “to police its union bulletin boards and display areas,” and, specifically, that “a Local 651 display” contained “unauthorized campaign material.”

            Election Supervisor representative Joe Childers investigated this protest.

Findings of Fact and Analysis

            The protest was accompanied by a photograph of a stack of flyers reading “TEAMSTER UNITED IS TDU.   THEY BOTH LIE !!!!!!!!!,” paper-clipped together and sitting on the top of a glass display case in the foyer of Local Union 651’s hall. 

            Our representative made an unannounced visit to Local Union 651’s hall on August 24, 2016 to view the area where the literature had been placed.  While there, our investigator ascertained that the literature was placed on the counter-height surface of a glass display case previously designated as the official campaign literature table for Local Union 651.  See Zuckerman, 2015 ESD 4 (June 28, 2015) (glass display case in Local Union 651’s foyer designated at literature table under Article VII, Section 7(h) of the Rules).  Inside the glass case was local union merchandise, including shirts, hats, license plates, and other memorabilia available for purchase.

At the time of our representative’s visit, the literature that was the subject of the protest had been removed from the top of the glass case.  On display was literature promoting the Teamsters United slate and literature promoting the Hoffa-Hall slate; these were also available for taking from the glass top.  Also on display on the glass case top were two advisories notifying members and the public that the top of the case was reserved for campaign literature for the 2016 election of delegates and IBT officers.  According to local union principal officer Mike Philbeck, one of the two advisories was placed there after this protest was filed.

Literature tables are reserved for placement of campaign literature by candidates and are not open to campaign messages from members or other persons who are not candidates.  Each local union is required to designate an employee or representative to police the literature table for compliance with the Rules and our Advisory on the Use of Literature Tables or Bulletin Boards For The Distribution of Campaign Literature Inside Union Halls (May 15, 2015).  Candidates who wish to display material on a local union’s literature table or literature bulletin board are to submit their material to the local union’s designated employee or representative for placement on the table or bulletin board.  The flyer that was the subject of this protest was not sponsored by a candidate and was not submitted to the local union’s employee or representative for placement on the glass case.  Accordingly, its placement there was unauthorized.  See, Hoffa-Hall 2016, 2016 ESD 231 (June 2, 2016). 

Because the subject literature was removed from Local Union 651’s literature table promptly after the protest was filed, we deem this protest RESOLVED, a result with which the protestor concurs.   We remind Local Union 651 of its obligations to police the literature table to insure compliance with the Advisory and to maintain a log that provides details of the campaign material placed there (per the Advisory, p. 6, the log should include the following: “1) date campaign literature was provided to the local union; 2) fax number of the “sending” fax machine, originating email address, other identifying mark or confirmation that the literature came from the candidate or authorized representative of the candidate or slate that it promotes; 3) name of person at the local union assigned to the job of table placement or posting; 4) date and time literature was placed on table or posted on board; 5) number of copies made; 6) date and amount charged to slate or candidate, if applicable; 7) dates and results of periodic inspections; and 8) any problems with the maintenance of the literature on the table or bulletin board”).

Any interested party not satisfied with this determination may request a hearing before the Election Appeals Master within two (2) working days of receipt of this decision.  The parties are reminded that, absent extraordinary circumstances, no party may rely upon evidence that was not presented to the Office of the Election Supervisor in any such appeal.  Requests for a hearing shall be made in writing, shall specify the basis for the appeal, and shall be served upon:

Kathleen A. Roberts

Election Appeals Master


620 Eighth Avenue, 34th floor

New York, NY 10018


Copies of the request for hearing must be served upon the parties, as well as upon the Election Supervisor for the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, 1050 17th Street, N.W., Suite 375, Washington, D.C. 20036, all within the time prescribed above.  A copy of the protest must accompany the request for hearing.


                                                                        Richard W. Mark

                                                                        Election Supervisor

cc:        Kathleen A. Roberts

            2016 ESD 292


Bradley T. Raymond, General Counsel

International Brotherhood of Teamsters

25 Louisiana Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20001


David J. Hoffa

1701 K Street NW, Ste 350

Washington DC 20036


Ken Paff

Teamsters for a Democratic Union

P.O. Box 10128

Detroit, MI 48210-0128


Barbara Harvey

1394 E. Jefferson Avenue

Detroit, MI 48207


Teamsters United

315 Flatbush Avenue, #501

Brooklyn, NY 11217


Louie Nikolaidis

350 West 31st Street, Suite 40

New York, NY 10001


Julian Gonzalez

350 West 31st Street, Suite 40

New York, NY 10001


David O’Brien Suetholz

515 Park Avenue

Louisville, KY 45202


Fred Zuckerman

P.O. Box 9493

Louisville, KY 40209

Teamsters Local Union 651

100 Blue Sky Parkway

Lexington, KY 40509


Joe Childers

201 W. Short Street, Ste. 300

Lexington, KY 40507


Bill Broberg

1108 Fincastle Road

Lexington, KY 40502


Jeffrey Ellison

214 S. Main Street, Suite 212

Ann Arbor, MI 48104